This post shows how to setup and configure Tachyon as a cluster.
We are using version 0.6.4
1 – Layout
We will have one master and 5 workers (master is also doubling as a worker!).
2 – Process
- configure files on master
- push config files from master to all workers
- start Tachyon cluster from master
3 – Installation Pre-Requisites
3.1 – Linux Machines
We have provisioned Linux machines on Amazon AWS. Here is our configuration
- OS : CentOS 6.4 (AMI image ???)
- instance type : m3.large
- CPU : 2 cores
- Memory : 7G
We will refer the machines as
- master / worker1
3.2 – Setting up Machines for Password-less SSH
Only do this, if you don’t have any existing SSH setup between machines. Master should be able to login to all workers via SSH.
Step 1 : Login to master
Step 2 : Create SSH key
Step 3 : Setup password less login
$ ssh-copy-id worker2
If you do not have the login with username/password credentials, but must login with the key (as is the case with fresh EC2 instances), you can use this command
$ cat ~/.ssh/id_rsa.pub | ssh -i your-key worker1 "mkdir -p ~/.ssh && cat >> ~/.ssh/authorized_keys"
The command above assumes that you have temporarily copied your-key, which you used to login into the master instance, to its home directory. Remove this key after you are done. now repeat this for all workers
$ ssh-copy-id worker2 ..... so on.... You may have to add the key manually for the 'master' host - that one on which you do the work. Then
$ ssh localhost
will also work.
3.3 – Testing SSH-password-less login
Step 1 :
Let’s create a $HOME/hosts file with the following contents. We want to fill ip-addresses of all hosts in the cluster
master ip address worker2 ip address worker3 ip address worker4 ip address worker5 ip address
We have a utility script called ‘cluster-cmd.sh‘ . It will execute commands on remote nodes.
Get the code and execute it
$ wget https://raw.githubusercontent.com/elephantscale/tachyon-exploration/master/cluster-cmd.sh $ chmod 755 cluster-cmd.sh $ ./cluster-cmd.sh -h hosts ls
This would execute `ls` command on all nodes specified on hosts files. The following is a sample output…
==== worker 1 ==== tmp ==== worker 2 === tmp .... and so on (you may have to add the host to /etc/hosts)
Getting, Installing and Configuring Tachyon
from master node
step 1 : get tachyon
$ wget https://github.com/amplab/tachyon/releases/download/v0.6.4/tachyon-0.6.4-bin.tar.gz $ tar xvf tachyon-0.6.4-bin.tar.gz $ mv tachyon-0.6.4/ tachyon
So our tachyon installation directory is $HOME/tachyon
Step 2 : Configure Tachyon
We will configure Tachyon master and push changes out to all workers nodes
Step 2A :
Use config script to generate a config file Config file : $HOME/tachyon/conf/tachyon-env.sh
$ ~/tachyon/bin/tachyon bootstrap-conf <tachyon_master_hostname>
For this use master’s public IP address (not internal IP address)
Here is my sample config file Three things that needs to be set
- JAVA_HOME : make sure to set this on top of the script!
- TACHYON_MASTER_ADDRESS : set by bootstrap-conf
- TACHYON_WORKER_MEMORY_SIZE : set by bootstrap-conf
look for XXX tag in config file
Note: if you don’t have Java installed (like on fresh EC2 instances), then now is a good time to install it on all hosts.
Step 2B : Edit $HOME/tachyon/conf/workers
This file will have ip addresses of all worker nodes, one line at a time. In our case, this is the same file as $HOME/hosts.
$ cp ~/hosts ~/tachyon/conf/workers
Step 3 : Distribute Config files to all nodes
For this we are going to use a handy script.
Here is the copy-files.sh script on github
Execute it like this
$ wget https://raw.githubusercontent.com/elephantscale/tachyon-exploration/master/copy-files.sh $ chmod 755 copy-files.sh $ ./copy-files.sh
This will push out tachyon directory to all nodes.
After this all nodes will have tachyon installed at : $HOME/tachyon
Step 4 : Let’s verify tachyon files are installed on all nodes
$ ./cluster-cmd.sh -h hosts ls
and you should see tachyon directory listed on all nodes.
Now we are all set to run Tachyon!
step 1: format Tachyon file system
This is a destructive command, as in you will loose all files stored in Tachyon File System. Beware!
$ ~/tachyon/bin/tachyon format
Your output may look like this….
Formatting Tachyon Worker @ worker1 Formatting Tachyon Worker @ worker2 ....
Step 2 : Manual fix for a format bug
Format command does not create data directory in storage directory. We will create it manually
$ ~/cluster-cmd.sh -h hosts "mkdir -p $HOME/tachyon/underfs/tmp/tachyon/data"
Step 3 : Let’s start Tachyon!
$ ~/tachyon/bin/tachyon-start.sh all SudoMount
If every thing went OK, we will see RAMDISK mounts on all nodes.
$ ~/cluster-cmd.sh -h hosts "(mount | grep ramdisk)"
We should see output like this…
====== worker1 ====== ramfs on /mnt/ramdisk type ramfs (rw,size=5009266kb) ====== worker2 ====== ramfs on /mnt/ramdisk type ramfs (rw,size=5009266kb) ......
Step 4 : Check UI
Tachyon Master UI is available on port 19999 of Master
So go to : http://master-host-ip-address:19999
in your browser. You will see something like below….
Yay! we have Tachyon up and running
Testing / Kicking The Tires
Step 1: Let’s copy some files into Tachyon.
For this, we will use $HOME/tachyon/bin/tachyon command-line client.
$ ~/tachyon/bin/tachyon tfs copyFromLocal ~/hosts /hosts
Inspect the file using File Browser
Step 2: Creating some test data
We will create some large enough data files to copy into Tachyon
# the following will create a 1G file $ dd if=/dev/zero of=1G bs=1M count=1000 # 2G file $ dd if=/dev/zero of=2G bs=1M count=2000
copy to tachyon
$ ~/tachyon/bin/tachyon tfs copyFromLocal 1G /1a # copy again $ ~/tachyon/bin/tachyon tfs copyFromLocal 1G /1b
Check File Browser in Tachyon UI.
As you can see the file is only copied to ONE Tachyon node. The ‘copyFromLocal’ command only copies to local node.
Let’s test this:
Let’s login to another worker node and copy a file
$ ssh worker2 # create a 1G file $ dd if=/dev/zero of=1G bs=1M count=1000 $ ~/tachyon/bin/tachyon tfs copyFromLocal 1G /2a
And checkout the UI again. As you can see the files on local nodes only.
In this post, we have showed you how to install Tachyon as a cluster and use it.